April 6 Youth Movement (multimedia)

Read about the April 6 Youth Movement at PBS Frontline and watch the video that sparked the revolution.

Country Studies

The Library of Congress Country Studies include extensive information about all Middle Eastern countries, including historical overviews as well as information about government structure, economics, and demographics.

Specific countries can’t be bookmarked, so follow the link above and select the country of interest.

Egypt Elections: Key Events Timeline In Egyptian Uprising And Transition (2011-2012)

Here are some key events from 16 months of turmoil and transition in Egypt.

Egypt Fact and Figures

Egypt facts and figures from the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center

Egypt Fact Sheet

A quick fact sheet providing clear information about Egypt.

Egypt in Perspective

This resource from the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center offers a country profile section containing basic facts about the target country, followed by selected themes organized under the major headings of Geography, History, Economy, Society and Security.

Egypt’s revolution: Interactive map

Egypt’s revolution began on 25 January, the “Day of Revolt”, when tens of thousands of marchers occupied Cairo’s Tahrir Square to protest against President Hosni Mubarak and his government. Simultaneous protests were held in Ismailiya, Alexandria and Suez. In the following days the demonstrations became more violent. Police fired rubber bullets and water cannons to repel protesters. A curfew was enforced, the army was deployed and the internet was shut down by the government.  This interactive timeline highlights key events over the 18 days of revolution.

Egyptian Cultural Orientation

Cultural Orientations from the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center offer an engaging introduction to a given cultural group. Linguists and non-linguists alike will benefit from these interactive materials and pertinent language exchanges that are coupled with an objective and practical look at daily life in different contexts. Topics include religion, traditions, family life and differences in the lifestyles of urban and rural populations.

Egyptian Flag

Details about the Egyptian flag.

Egyptian Women: Between Revolution, Counter-Revolution, Orientalism, and “Authenticity”

This blog posting, published on Jadaliyya, explores the representation of Egyptian women

Inside the Muslim Brotherhood

Egypt’s sleeping giant has awoken. But what path will it follow now? Here are some readings that offer insight and analysis on who the Muslim Brotherhood are — and what they want.

Research Guide to the Arab Spring in Egypt

Cornell University Library’s guide to researching the Arab Spring in Egypt.

Spreading Revolution

David D. Kirkpatrick discusses the six turning points that led to revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt.

The Party’s Over: Post Revolution, Egyptians Struggle to Find their Future

An article discussing the aftermath of Egyptian riots in 2011.

Timeline: Transition in Egypt

Key events leading up to the first presidential election since the ouster of President Hosni Mubarak.



Ahram Online English (text)

Ahram Online is the English-language news web site published by Al-Ahram Establishment, Egypt’s largest news organisation, and the publisher of the Middle East’s oldest newspaper: the daily Al-Ahram, in publication since 1875.

Cairo, the City of a Thousand Minarets (images)

Slideshow of Cairo, Egypt.

Cleopatra (video)

This video tells the Egyptian story of Cleopatra.  Click the dot on Egypt to view this particular Folktale or Legend or choose from the ‘List of Legends and FolkTales’ above.

Dalia Mogahed: The attitudes that sparked Arab Spring (video)

In this TED talk, Pollster Dalia Mogahed shares surprising data on Egyptian people’s attitudes and hopes before the Arab Spring — with a special focus on the role of women in sparking change.

Egypt News (text)

Current news about Egypt from the New York Times.

Egypt’s Revolution: A Collection from AlJazeera (multimedia)

A collection of news articles, op-ed pieces, and documentaries from AlJazeera.

Egyptian Youth After the Revolution (audio)

American University of Cairo professor Kim Fox speaks with the young people who demonstrated in Tahrir Square about their prospects and concerns for the future. Presented by America Abroad.

Global Voices: Egypt Revolution 2011 (text)

Global Voices is an international community of bloggers who report on blogs and citizen media from around the world.  This page features postings related to the Egyptian Revolution of 2011

Global Voices: Egyptian Elections 2011/2012 (text)

Global Voices is an international community of bloggers who report on blogs and citizen media from around the world.  This page includes blog postings relating to the Egyptian elections of 2011/2012.

How Twitter and Facebook Brought Change (video)

CNN’s Piers Morgan interviews Tunisia’s Prime Minister on Egypt’s use of Twitter and Facebook in the Revolution.

Revolution in Cairo: A Special Report from Frontline’s Team on the Ground (multimedia)

Watch this report from Frontline to learn about the history of the January 25 Revolution in Cairo.  Search the site for web exclusives.

Ghada Abdel Aal (video)

This TED talk features Ghada Abdel Aal, Egyptian writer, columnist and blogger who discusses issues of equality in marriage and society.

Uncertainty in Egypt (audio)

In this podcast from America Abroad, Reporter Kimberly Adams takes us to Cairo, where Christians, Baha’is, and other religious minorities face an uncertain future under Egyptian president Mohamed Morsi and his Muslim Brotherhood-backed Freedom and Justice Party.

Art of the Ancient Mediterranean World

This manual provides information, images and lessons about the art and architecture of the ancient Mediterranean world.

Cairo: Living Past, Living Future

This unit will allow teachers and students to explore this history, culture, society, geography, and environment of Cairo, a fascinating city that sits at the crossroads between ancient and modern, east and west, tradition and innovation.

psu logo edited Comparing Access & Control of Social Media in Syria & Egypt 2011-2013

In this lesson, students deeper understanding of the impact of the Arab Uprisings, specifically in Egypt and Syria  and their  use of digital media and the government’s use of digital media to counteract the uprising.

This lesson was created by Anthony Long, Jeffrey Brown, and Deborah Johnston for the Middle East Studies Center 2013 Summer Institute: The Arab Uprisings

Day of Ahmed’s Secret

In this lesson for the elementary school classroom, students read Day of Ahmed’s Secret to learn about Egypt.

Egypt’s Golden Empire

These lesson plans and the accompanying video clips are designed to showcase some of the most intriguing and historically significant people, places, and events from the film and Egyptian history.

psu logo edited The Experience of the Egyptian Revolution

This 4 day unit aims to put a human face on the Egyptian Revolution and provide students with both a historical account of the Revolution as well as personal accounts of it.

Garbage Dreams

This game is an enhancement to the film Garbage Dreams and helps students understand the lives of Garbage workers in Cairo, Egypt.

Graffiti in Egypt’s Revolution

This lesson from the Choices Program asks students to assess the role of graffiti in political protest and uses a short video to analyze the relevance of graffiti during the Egyptian revolution.


psu logo edited Rebels By Accident

This resources has reading assignments, discussion questions, and essay questions about the book Rebel by Accident, by Patricia Dunn.

Sailing the Great Sand Sea

In this unit, students will understand the ways in which North African traders were able to adapt to the harsh environment of the Sahara desert in order to extract natural resources and engage in trans-desert trade for economic gain. They will understand: (1) the factors that define a desert and the different types of deserts; (2) that the introduction of the camel to North Africa provided a solution that made trans-Saharan trade possible; and (3) the natural resources available in the desert and the advantages to be had from harnessing them.

Content developed by the University of Texas at Austin

Should the Egyptian Government Facilitate the Emigration of its own Citizens?

In 2003, the government of Egypt launched a Web site to help its citizens find jobs overseas. Advocates of the Web site say that it will help Egypt’s “labor surplus” find employment. Opponents argue that the government should not be encouraging emigration as a solution to high unemployment rates. Students will read primary source documents to defend their position in the Advocate/Decision-Making Activity.

A lesson from the Understanding Migration Curriculum Resources for the Classroom Unit Plan from the University of Texas at Austin.

Slavery in Ottoman Egypt

By the 19th century, slavery was a well-known and well-defined institution in the Egypt, at that time a province of the Ottoman Empire. For most of the 19th century, the slave population of Egypt was between 20,000 and 30,000 out of a total population of five million. The number of slaves in Cairo, a city of a quarter-million people, was estimated to be between 12,000 and 15,000 at any given point until 1877. Yet, slavery in Egypt took on quite a different form than it did in the Americas. Learn more about slavery in an Islamic emirate.

Developed by the University of Texas at Austin

Social Media and Non-Violent Protest 

This lesson reviews the impact of social media on the 2011 revolution in Egypt and Tunisia.

Materials produced by Greg Timmons for PBS News Hour Extra.

Teaching With the News: After Mubarak

This lesson helps students consider the implications of a leadership change in Egypt on the protests for democracy throughout the Middle East and North Africa.

Teaching With the News: Egypt’s Uprising

This lesson introduces students to the protests in Egypt, helps them consider the role of the media, and asks them to analyze the role of the United States in Egyptian politics.

The Art of Ancient Egypt

A resource for educators about Ancient Egyptian art.

The Aswan High Dam in Egypt

Students will understand that: (1) the construction of the Aswan High Dam has had both positive and negative effects on the physical environment in Egypt; (2) the construction of the Aswan High Dam has both been an example of humans changing the environment in order to meet their needs and an example of the geography adapting itself in return; and (3) the issues involved in sharing and allocating water resources between nations and the variety of strains put on available water resources are complex.

Resource developed by the University of Texas at Austin.

The Egyptian Revolution: An Interactive Timeline

The revolution that began in Egypt on January 25, 2011 continues to this day. Over the past three years, governments have come and gone. In public meeting spaces and universities, and on graffiti-marked walls, Egyptians continue to voice protest to a political system that has yet to achieve democracy. Using an interactive timeline with videos, images, and text, students explore the Egyptian Revolution from 2011 to today.

In this lesson from the Choices Program, students will:

  • Review a timeline of events in Egypt over the past three years.
  • Identify core themes of Egyptian protest movements.
  • Work collaboratively with classmates.

The Zabbaleen, Cairo’s Garbage Workers

This case study focuses on the zabbaleen, a sub-class of people who have found work as garbage collectors and recyclers in Cairo. Students will understand that: (1) the growth of Cairo has had a cyclical effect on the zabbaleen in that the city growth has caused more people to seek work as zabbaleen, many of whom must come from outside the city, thus contributing to the urban growth issue; (2) the rise and success of the zabbaleen is a key example of ways in which humans have adapted to the environment (in this case, the urban environment), and in which the environment has been modified by human activity; (3) new technology and international support for the zabbaleen’s activity has allowed for efficiency and lowering of pollution levels in Cairo, one of the world’s most polluted cities; (4) planning and maintaining urban infrastructure varies from city to city, but that the basic needs and pressures created by urbanization are similar in all cases.

Developed by the University of Texas at Austin

Umm Kulthum Curriculum

The purpose of this curriculum is to guide an exploration of the life of the legendary Egyptian singer Umm Kulthum and of the Arab world she enchanted. Her life story provides an entry point for developing rich and nuanced historical and cultural understandings. Umm Kulthum’s musical artistry and poetic lyrics also touch upon language arts themes, including lessons about genre, tone, figurative language, and imagery.  By Al Bustan

Ways to Teach about the Unrest in Egypt

This resource provides different methods and techniques for teaching about the unrest in Egypt.